Integrating Architecture



Context-aware services, Application software, Context awareness, Human computer interaction, Communication channels, Ubiquitous computing, Environmental management, Information filtering, human/machine performance, intelligent user interfaces, network filtering, adaptive user interface, context-dependent interface, human work interaction design

The Switching Cost of Multi-Tasking

We live in a connected era where multi-tasking is an essential part of life. Today emails seem to ping you at the most inopportune times. When your boss sends you a project specific email, you may be in the middle of a meeting about a completely different project; you might be on vacation or catching up with friends. Even if your boss’s email happens to be about the project you're working on at the moment, it’s unlikely that it's relevant or necessary to the task you’re focused on. These interruptions cost time. They break focus. Our devices allow emails and other notifications to reach us, and they're seemingly unaware of where we are, what we’re working on, or who we’re with.

Locative Intelligence

“Thoughts exchanged by one and another are not the same in one room as another”
- Louis Kahn

If our devices were situationally aware, they could better curate what information is directed to us. Not only our locations but also events can be corroborated by our calendars. While at the grocery store, a device can ping you about that recipe your mom emailed last week. When you arrive at the door of a client’s office, the building's entry code could appear on your device. Information usually buried in the increasingly chaotic hodgepodge of an email inbox should appear as spatially and temporally encoded instructions throughout the day and the city.

geo-coded instructions

Program Intelligence: 1. Disjointed Applications

Lets think back to your boss’s email. When you’re finally situated on a task that requires it you still have to spend time finding it. That means minimizing your program window, opening a web browser, signing into an email service, searching for the email, and finding the relevant information. While this may not seem like a big deal, when multiplied over many tasks, a day can turn into bizarre workflows of finding the right files, and opening and closing apps. I'm often irritated when it feels like an entire day of work was chopped up by these short retrieval tasks, breaking my focus and hindering my ability to get anything done. To create a final document I often require Gmail, Photoshop, Illustrator, Rhino, Slack and a web browser. Every time I switch programs, I lose time.

the architect's disintegrated workflow

The Entrepreneurship Question

This event was a panel discussion on entrepreneurship in architecture put on by a group called A-Frame and GSAPP Career Services at Columbia University. Speakers: Peggy Deamer, Architecture Labor Activist | Quilian Riano, Incubator Director of Strategy & Research | George Valdes, Entrepreneur | Masako Ikegami, Business/Financial Consultant | Dave Eisenberg, Tech Start-Up CEO; Facilitator: Manuel Shvartzberg, GSAPP

Organization and Content by: Da Ying, Valerie Lechene, Matthew Lohry, Julie Pedtke, and Violet Whitney

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This research paper was written for Kenneth Frampton's A Modern History of Architecture course.

Advancement in technology including the Industrial Revolution has created major divides between the architect and the engineer. These divisions have separated the architect from measurable risk, thus marginalizing the current-day architect.

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A co-written response to an essay by Phineas Harper by a student activist group at GSAPP called A-Frame.


In February of this year, The Architectural Review published an essay by Phineas Harper and Phil Pawlett Jackson on the phenomenon of Young Architecture. Lamenting the commodification of DIY, pop-up modes of practice that often limit the ability of rising practitioners to move on to larger commissions or financial support, the authors reminisce about a time when medium-sized firms comprised a healthy ecology of practice, and warn of the detriment that Young Architecture poses to the profession.  As students at the Columbia Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation, we found the fatalistic attitude of the article to be unwarranted and out of touch. We felt the urge to respond from our own perspective. There are many conditions that we believe are helpful to understand the phenomenon which Harper and Jackson describe as Young Architecture. Most importantly, we want to share how we are working to adapt our methods of practice to changing economic conditions.

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This paper was written for Kazys Varnelis' Networked Publics class at the Graduate School of Architecture and Planning Preservation at Columbia University.

The Internet is entangled in society's economic systems. This paper speculates and compares what the future looks like when the Internet is structured in 3 distinct organizational models. 

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